Podpora nulové hypotézy a její miskoncepce v psychologii: Teoretické představení testování ekvivalence

David Lacko, Tomáš Prošek


Tento teoretický článek představuje způsoby, kterými lze statisticky argumentovat ve prospěch nulové hypotézy. Představuje čtyři způsoby, které lze využít k testování ekvivalence: metoda dvou jednostranných testů (TOST), p-hodnotu druhé generace (SGPV), Bayesův faktor (BF) a oblast praktické ekvivalence (ROPE). Článek je doplněn o praktické ukázky možných výsledků TOST. Součástí článku je také nezbytné objasnění logiky testování hypotéz a p-hodnoty a kritická analýza výhod a nevýhod popsaných postupů.

Bibliografická citace

Lacko, D., & Prošek, T. (2021). Podpora nulové hypotézy a její miskoncepce v psychologii: Teoretické představení testování ekvivalence. TESTFÓRUM, 9(14), 65-86. Získáno z https://testforum.cz/article/view/TF2021-14-13648

Klíčová slova

P-hodnota; Testování ekvivalence; Nulová hypotéza; Testování hypotéz, TOST

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