Podpora nulové hypotézy a její miskoncepce v psychologii: Teoretické představení testování ekvivalence



Tento teoretický článek představuje způsoby, kterými lze statisticky argumentovat ve prospěch nulové hypotézy. Představuje čtyři způsoby, které lze využít k testování ekvivalence: metoda dvou jednostranných testů (TOST), p-hodnotu druhé generace (SGPV), Bayesův faktor (BF) a oblast praktické ekvivalence (ROPE). Článek je doplněn o praktické ukázky možných výsledků TOST. Součástí článku je také nezbytné objasnění logiky testování hypotéz a p-hodnoty a kritická analýza výhod a nevýhod popsaných postupů.

Klíčová slova:
P-hodnota; Testování ekvivalence; Nulová hypotéza; Testování hypotéz; TOST

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